2. Adonai is … Sovereign!

What do you do when the very thing you have prayed is either delayed or you’re disappointed because your prayers seems like they haven’t been answered?

Often, we pray for or about something or someone and it seems like nothing’s changed. Afterall, God is so powerful, so when we pray, we automatically expect! Even during those moments when we pray those half-hearted doubtful prayers. We still hold on to the expectation that our needs, wants and desires will be met.

Adonai is a divine name, translated as “Lord,” and signifying, “sovereignty.
Parallel with Yahweh, the name comes from the singular word Adon, which translates as “master” or “owner.” It contains the concepts of “dominion,” “rulership,” and “ownership. Thus, when God is referred to in Scripture as the plural form Adonai, He is referenced as Owner. The psalmist pens in chapter 97 that God is, “the (Adonai) of the whole earth.” (1)

Sovereignty is defined as:

  • The right and power to command, decide, rule or judge.
  • A government free from external control, a self-governing state.
  • Royal authority; the dominion of a monarch.
  • The position, dominion or authority or a sovereign
  • The authority of a state to govern itself or another state
  • Supreme absolute and uncontrollable power, authority or royal rank’

Synonyms include: self-government, autonomy, freedom, domination, mastery, might, supremacy, kingship, reign.

Sovereignty is a name and title of God Paul referred to when he wrote to Timothy in 1 Timothy 6:15, which says “…which he will display at the proper time (reveal Christ) – he who is the blessed and only sovereign, the King of kings and Lord of lords”. The Greek word dunastes is literally word for “a potentate or a ruler”. The sovereignty of God means it’s his absolute right to do all things according to his own good pleasure. (Daniel 4:25, Daniel 4:35, Romans 9:15-23, Revelation 4:11).

To explain this further, let’s take the United Kingdom for example. Sovereignty in the UK’s constitutional law suggest policies that are set by the monarchs in Parliament is competent to make or unmake any law whatsoever and those policies cannot be challenged (2). That makes Parliament the supreme legal authority in the UK.

Also, in America, the individual states do not possess the powers of external sovereignty, such as the right to deport undesirable people, but each does have certain attributes of internal sovereignty, such as the power to regulate the acquisition and transfer of property within its borders. The sovereignty of a state is determined with reference to the U.S. Constitution, which is the supreme law of the land. (2).

When analysed, sovereignty is naturally divided into three great powers; namely, the legislative, the executive, and the judiciary; the first is the power to make new laws, and to correct and repeal the old, the second is the power to execute the laws both at home and abroad and the last is the power to apply the laws to particular facts; to judge the disputes which arise among the citizens, and to punish crimes.(2)

To bring this into context, I liken the legislative power to God’s power. When He made the old covenant with the men of the Old Testament and then, made a New Covenant through Christ Jesus which we obtain through faith (Galatians 3: ALL OF IT). I liken the executive power to that of the Holy spirit; according to Galatians 5:16-26 and Acts 1:8 which says “… But you shall receive power (ability, efficiency and might) when the Holy Spirit has come upon you and you shall be my witness  – in Jerusalem, throughout Judea, in Samaria and to the ends (the very bounds) of the earth.” Lastly, I liken the judiciary to our role and power to apply His truth, The Truth in different areas and situations we may find ourselves. This dynamic depicts how even we as believers are at God’s disposal for His Glory.

I equate God’s sovereignty to that of a top down strategic approach, whereby we have been willed and predestined by God before our existence. He then communicates His plan, His will to us so we can implement it on earth for His glory (Isaiah 43:7) – “… they are my own people, and I created them to bring me glory”. Ultimately, his strength is made perfect in our weakness and his glory is manifested through our lives; not how we choose but how he has already chosen; even if that means serving with a thorn in your flesh (2 Corinthians 12:8-10).

So, what do you do when the very thing you have prayed is either delayed or you’re disappointed because your prayers seems like they haven’t been answered? You still praise because you still have breath, therefore His will and plan for you still stands which leads to Him getting the glory from your life!

Scriptures to help with meditation:

  • Jeremiah 29:11
  • Romans 8:28-30
  • Isaiah 43:7
  • Isaiah 46:9-11
  • Ephesians 2:10
  • Psalm 100:3
  • Galatians 3
  • Psalm 115:3
  • Romans 9:20
  • Colossians 1:16
  • Philippians 2:12-14


  1. Tony Evans, 2019 https://tonyevans.org/adonai/
  2. https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/sovereignty
  3. https://www.parliament.uk/about/how/sovereignty

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